The Science Museum in London, England has a new exhibit that explores the evolution of medicine, starting with medieval times. I saw this picture of this16th century "remedy" for outspoken women and screamed for dramatic effect. Apparently, women who spoke to much, whether it be that they had something to say or were saying to much in the nature of gossiping, had to where this contraption and parade themselves around town.
Scary. I guess this is the watered down version of the "bits" they used to make slaves where during Colonial America for talking back to "Massah." Here's the description that accompanies the bridle in the museum:
"Time spent in the bridle was normally allocated as a punishment by a local magistrate. The custom developed in Britain in the 1500s, and spread to some other European countries, including Germany. When wearing the mask it was impossible to speak. This example has a bell on top to draw even more attention to the wearer, increasing their humiliation. It was used until the early 1800s as a punishment in workhouses."
Not only do I think the stars for the marvel of modern science, I also think this should serve as a constant reminder to appreciate your voice.